Oceanography is a science that focuses on understanding seas and the different processes that affect them. Oceanology or marine science are other names for it. The study of ocean currents, waves, marine creatures, plate tectonics, ecosystem analysis, fluid dynamics, and other related issues are all covered in this field. Geology, physics, meteorology, geography, and other academic fields are all connected to oceanography in some way. Studying maritime flora and fauna and determining if it is worthy of food is also included in this field.
Physical, chemical, biological, and geological oceanography are the four primary subfields of oceanography. Oceanography is a superb choice for any student wishing to major in an intriguing field that also offers a promising career. The majority of your time as an oceanographer will be spent working on a ship or at a coastal station, but you will also spend a lot of time in the lab interpreting data.
Numerous oceanographers are also working on studies to foretell the effects of rising carbon dioxide, ozone layer loss, fertilizers, fossil fuels, and other factors on oceans. It is the ideal fusion of scientific research and its application to engineering and technology.
To help you understand the greatest attributes required to pursue this course, let’s first look at how an oceanographer works. With the aid of a variety of advanced tools, an oceanographer gathers samples, analyzes data, and conducts surveys. The following is a list of some specializations from which to choose:
Biological Oceanography: This is also known as “marine biology” and involves the investigation of the organisms that live in the ocean.
Chemical Oceanography: It entails examining the relationship between the chemistry of the ocean and the chemistry of the atmosphere.
Geological Oceanography: This focuses on the investigation of the geology of the ocean floor, including paleoceanography and plate tectonics.
Physical Oceanography: This topic focuses on the tides, currents, waves, and salinity of the ocean as well as its physical characteristics. The subjects’ nature makes it clear that the study requires knowledge of both science and mathematics. Along with these, a student should additionally consider the following factors:
- Spending extended periods on the oceans and seas requires a sense of adventure as well as an interest in the ocean and the environment as a whole.
- Strong analytical and observational skills are essential for the research components.
- Good writing abilities are also necessary for drafting reports and conducting data analysis.
- The effectiveness of computer programs used for digital mapping, remote sensing, and modeling
- Strong physical and mental qualities are also required, particularly on the water, including endurance, patience, and the capacity to adapt to new situations and circumstances. Another crucial ability is diving and swimming knowledge.